Sunburn: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Sunburn Issues

We know very well about the skin damage caused by the sun rays, but we still spend a lot of time under sun’s burning rays. And about 70% of the children and one-third of the adults reported that they have gotten sunburned within the past year.

Here is what you need to know about how sun causes sunburn and how you can care about your skin to avoid sunburn.

What causes sunburn?

Sunburn is caused by the burning sun rays, when skin is exposed to the sun rays for a longer period of time; eventually it burns and become red and irritable. The presence of ultraviolet radiations in sun rays damages the skin. The ultraviolet radiations have the following three wavelengths: UVA UVB UVC.

The third wavelength, which is known as UVC, does not reach the earth while other two wavelengths not only reach the earth, but also can reach and penetrate your skin. Thus these two wavelengths i.e. UVA and UVB cause sunburn.

You can see the damage caused by these rays in the form of sunburn, but you cannot see the damage caused inside of the skin. These radiations can cause premature aging of your skin and even can alter your DNA. Changes into DNA then in turn can cause skin cancers including melanoma.


How soon sunburn begins and how severe it can be depends upon:

The sun’s intensity can be variable depending upon your skin type. How long you’re exposed to the sun; Signs of sunburn can become evident.
When you get sunburn your skin irritates you and turns red. Severe sunburn can develop sunburn blisters and swelling. You may even feel like you have fever with nausea, weakness, chills and headache. After few days the skin starts itching and peeling.


Sunburn relief:

Sunburn treatment attacks the sunburns in two fronts: relieving inflamed and reddened skin while easing pain.
Here are some remedies which you can try at your home.

Creams or Gels Sunburns sometimes become so much irritable for a person and he wants to avoid this irritation as sooner as he/she can. You can try creams and gels to avoid irritation containing the following ingredients; Camphor Menthol Aloe Compresses.
Apply cold compresses to your skin.
You can also try a cool bath to soothe the burnt skin.
Stay hydrated Dehydration helps the sun rays to cause more severe damage, so keep drinking water and other fluids along the whole day.
Avoid the sun. Until your sunburn heals, stay out of the sun.
Through this way, you may be able to treat the sunburn yourself. But call for a doctor’s help if you notice any of these more serious sunburn signs.


Preventing sunburns:

Watch the Clock; the sun rays are stronger between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. So avoid going outside in sun during this time if your skin is sensitive.
Wear the right clothes. When you want to go outside, wear full sleeves and avoid black cloths.
Use sunblock Continuous use of sunblock can prevent sunburn. So apply sunblock to your skin half an hour before when you go outside.
Reapply the sunblock after every two hours when you are continuously working outside.